Monday, February 22, 2010

History of Japanese Art of tea ceremony 1

In the early Edo period, tea ceremony master largely composed of the daimyo and limited as a very wealthy merchant. Entering the mid-Edo period, the urban population already economically successful middle class and form of the gang into a tea enthusiasts.

Among city residents interested in learning the tea ceremony was greeted with open arms by the flow Sansenke (three flow Senke: Omotesenke, Urasenke and Mushanokōjisenke) and fractional flow Senke.

The popularity of the tea ceremony led to the number of students became more and more that needs to be regulated by a system. Iemoto seido is born of regulatory requirements set hierarchy between teachers and students in the traditional arts of Japan.

Joshinsai (teacher-generation Omotesenke flow 7) and Yūgensai (teacher-generation Urasenke stream 8) and a senior student named Joshinsai Kawakami Fuhaku (Edosenke first generation) and then introduce a new method of learning the tea ceremony, called Shichijishiki. The tea ceremony can be learned by many students together with Shichijishiki method.

Various streams of tea trying to attract the interest of all people to learn the tea ceremony, so the tea ceremony has become popular throughout Japan. The tea ceremony is increasingly popular among the people is also an adverse impact on the tea ceremony which began seriously do not like playing.

At the end of the Tokugawa shogunate, perfecting principle Naosuke Ii Ichigo ichie (one life one chance). At this time, the tea ceremony which is now known as sado successfully enhanced by the addition of a real systematic procedures such as otemae (preparation techniques, penyeduhan, serving tea) and each school to set the basic style and abstract philosophy.

Entering the end of the Edo period, the tea ceremony matcha enhanced use of samurai became unpopular among the public because of the rigid etiquette. Society generally wants a tea that can be enjoyed with more ease. At that time, people began paying attention to the ordinary sencha tea enjoyed everyday. Tea ceremony which use also began sencha desirable people. Based on the request of many, Baisaō priest who is also known as Ko flow Yūgai create a tea ceremony with sencha (Senchadō) which became established and popular in literary circles.