Thursday, January 28, 2010

Bushido the "Way of the Samurai"

Bushido or "Way of the Samurai" (Bushi = samurai, do = way) is "Japanese national identity, and the warrior spirit that stimulates the mind, emotions and attitudes of everyday life in Japan, as well as a moral principle that must be lived class warrior". Inazo Nitobe (1862 - 1933) who is the father of Japanese liberalism, wrote a book on bushido in 1897. Nitobe instrumental in introducing Japan to the Western world. Because these services, Nitobe image immortalized in 5000 yen bills. Bushido also be a substitute for religious instruction and moral and ethical guidelines of the Japanese. So no wonder the value of bushido is very entrenched in the soul of Japan until now.

Tracing of the history of its development, bushido values began to emerge and flourish in the era / feudal era of ancient Japanese government holds. In feudal times, the social stratification or grouping in the community is very tight run, where the Bushi / samurai highest position in the pengkelasan system. The samurai class is very well respected and feared by other communities in the lower classes, especially in the Tokugawa era, when the political implementation of sakoku (self closing) from the outside world.

Nearly 250 years of the samurai was in the highest position, so that kesamuraian values become very tersosialisasikan in Japanese society. Even though sakoku finally ended, and Japan to open itself Comodor forced by Perry from the United States (during the Meiji Restoration) occurs, these values remain unshakable because it was fragmented in a strong community (already processed for hundreds of years).

If you look at the source, bushido values come from:

1. Teachings of Buddhism. Where there are feelings of trust, calm on the fate, resigned to peace in the things that are not inevitable. Example: peace of mind to face the danger / disaster, the boredom of life, familiar with death. In addition, in Hinayana Buddhism there is no concept of the Creator and the concept of sin. So in this case, committed suicide had nothing to do with the value of religious doctrinal norms. There is only the concept of karma in which "good deeds will be good too", and vice versa.
2. Shintoism. The values of loyalty to the emperor / leader and respect for ancestral spirits